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How many Surahs are in the Quran? – What are the Shortest Surahs in The Quran?


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Welcome to this enlightening journey through the Surahs of the Quran, the divine chapters that form the backbone of Islamic teachings. This comprehensive guide aims to serve as your roadmap, whether you are taking your first steps in understanding the Quran or seeking to deepen your existing knowledge.

Here, you will find a detailed breakdown of the Surahs based on their historical context, place of revelation, and thematic focus. From the shortest Surahs ideal for beginners to the more complex chapters that offer profound spiritual insights, this guide has something for everyone.

For those who wish to explore the Quran’s teachings in greater depth, we invite you to visit our Quran Translation, where you can find translations that bring the text’s meanings to life.

What are Surahs?

Surahs are chapters in the Quran, the holy book of Islam. The Quran is divided into 114 Surahs, each varying in length, theme, and subject matter. These chapters are further divided into verses known as “Ayahs.” The Surahs were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) over a period of approximately 23 years, beginning in 610 CE.

Surahs are generally classified based on:

  1. Place of Revelation: Surahs are categorized as either Makki (revealed in Mecca) or Madani (revealed in Medina).
  2. Length: They range from the shortest, Al-Kawthar with three verses, to the longest, Al-Baqarah with 286 verses.
  3. Thematic Focus: Surahs cover a wide range of topics, including theology, law, personal conduct, and the natural environment.

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How Many Surahs Are In the Quran?

The Quran, revered as the holy book of Islam, comprises a total of 114 Surahs or chapters. These Surahs are not just numerical entities; they are a compilation of divine revelations that offer spiritual, moral, and social guidance.

The Surahs are categorized based on various factors:

  1. Place of Revelation: 86 Surahs were revealed in Makkah, while 28 were revealed in Medina.

  2. Length: The Surahs vary in length, with some being as short as three verses, ideal for beginners, and others extending over several pages, offering in-depth insights.

  3. Thematic Focus: The Surahs cover a wide range of topics, from ethical principles and social justice to historical events and prophetic stories.

Understanding the number and diversity of Surahs can enrich your Quranic journey, providing you with a structured approach to study and reflection.

What are the Shortest surahs of the Quran to learn?

Embarking on the journey of Quranic understanding can be overwhelming, given the depth and breadth of its chapters. A practical starting point is to familiarize yourself with the shortest Surahs. These concise chapters not only make memorization easier but also offer essential teachings that are foundational to Islamic beliefs.

Here are some of the most prominent short Surahs you can start with:

  1. Surah Al-Fatiha: Often referred to as the ‘Opening,’ this Surah is a staple in daily prayers. Understanding its verses can enrich your prayer experience.

  2. Surah An-Nasr: Comprising just three verses, this Surah focuses on divine help and support. It was revealed in Medina and holds a special place in Islamic history.

  3. Surah Al-Asr: Named after the daily third prayer, this Surah also contains just three verses but offers profound insights into the concept of time in Islam.

  4. Surah Al-Ikhlas: This Makki Surah consists of four verses that emphasize the oneness of Allah and the sincerity required in worship.

  5. Surah Al-Qadr: Revealed in Makkah, this Surah of five verses discusses the significance of the Night of Decree during Ramadan.

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    What is the shortest verse in the Quran?

    The Quran is a text rich in depth and complexity, but it also contains verses that are remarkably concise. The shortest verse in the Quran is a single word: “Dark green [in color]” found in Surah Ar-Rahman (55:64). This brevity is not a lack of substance but a testament to the Quran’s ability to convey profound meanings in just a few words.

    Another notable short verse is “The Most Merciful,” the opening verse of Surah Ar-Rahman. These concise verses serve as powerful reminders of the Quran’s linguistic elegance and the depth of its teachings.

    What is the longest verse in the Quran?

    What is the longest surah in the Quran?

    The longest Surah in the Quran is Surah Al-Baqarah, which is the second chapter of the Quran. It consists of 286 verses (Ayahs) and is considered one of the most comprehensive and detailed chapters in the Quran. The Surah was revealed in Medina over a period of several years and covers a wide range of topics, including theology, law, ethics, and social issues.

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    Which is the 2 biggest Surah in the Quran?

    The two biggest Surahs in the Quran, in terms of the number of verses (Ayat), are:

    1. Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow): It is the second Surah of the Quran and is the largest Surah in the Quran with 286 verses (Ayat). It was revealed in Medina.

    2. Surah Al-Imran (The Family of Imran): It is the third Surah of the Quran and is the second-largest Surah with 200 verses (Ayat). It was also revealed in Medina.

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    What are the 30 chapters of the Quran called?

    The Quran is divided into 30 equal sections, known as “Juz” in Arabic. Each Juz is further divided into two halves, making a total of 60 equal parts called “Hizb.” The division of the Quran into Juz is a convenience for recitation during the month of Ramadan, during which one Juz is usually recited every night.

    List of Juz and Their Common Names

    Here is a list of the 30 Juz and some of their commonly known names based on the first verse of each section:

    1. Juz’ 1: Al-Fatiha 1 to Al-Baqarah 141
    2. Juz’ 2: Al-Baqarah 142 to Al-Baqarah 252
    3. Juz’ 3: Al-Baqarah 253 to Al-Imran 92
    4. Juz’ 4: Al-Imran 93 to An-Nisaa 23
    5. Juz’ 5: An-Nisaa 24 to An-Nisaa 147
    6. Juz’ 6: An-Nisaa 148 to Al-Maida 81
    7. Juz’ 7: Al-Maida 82 to Al-Anam 110
    8. Juz’ 8: Al-Anam 111 to Al-Araf 87
    9. Juz’ 9: Al-Araf 88 to Al-Anfal 40
    10. Juz’ 10: Al-Anfal 41 to At-Tawba 92
    11. Juz’ 11: At-Tawba 93 to Hud 5
    12. Juz’ 12: Hud 6 to Yusuf 52
    13. Juz’ 13: Yusuf 53 to Ibrahim 52
    14. Juz’ 14: Al-Hijr 1 to Al-Nahl 128
    15. Juz’ 15: Al-Israa 1 to Al-Kahf 74
    16. Juz’ 16: Al-Kahf 75 to Taha 135
    17. Juz’ 17: Al-Anbiyaa 1 to Al-Hajj 78
    18. Juz’ 18: Al-Muminun 1 to Al-Furqan 20
    19. Juz’ 19: Al-Furqan 21 to An-Naml 55
    20. Juz’ 20: An-Naml 56 to Al-Ankabut 45
    21. Juz’ 21: Al-Ankabut 46 to Al-Azhab 30
    22. Juz’ 22: Al-Azhab 31 to Ya Seen 27
    23. Juz’ 23: Ya Seen 28 to Az-Zumar 31
    24. Juz’ 24: Az-Zumar 32 to Fussilat 46
    25. Juz’ 25: Fussilat 47 to Al-Jathiya 37
    26. Juz’ 26: Al-Ahqaf 1 to Az-Zariyat 30
    27. Juz’ 27: Az-Zariyat 31 to Al-Hadid 29
    28. Juz’ 28: Al-Mujadila 1 to At-Tahrim 12
    29. Juz’ 29: Al-Mulk 1 to Al-Mursalat 50
    30. Juz’ 30: An-Naba 1 to An-Nas 6 (commonly referred to as “Juz’ Amma”)

    Each Juz is named after a word or phrase that appears in the first verse of that section. For example, the first Juz is commonly referred to as “Alif Lam Meem” because the second chapter, Al-Baqarah, starts with these Arabic letters.

    How to Learn Quran Chapters Effectively?

    Learning Quranic chapters, or Surahs, effectively requires a structured approach that combines understanding, memorization, and application. Here are some tips:

    1. Start Small: Begin with shorter Surahs and gradually move to longer ones.
    2. Understand Context: Knowing the historical and thematic context can deepen your understanding.
    3. Use Resources: Utilize translations, Tafsir (exegesis), and audio recitations for a well-rounded study.
    4. Consistency: Make it a habit to read and reflect on a few verses daily.
    5. Seek Guidance: Consult scholars or take online Quran courses to ensure you’re on the right path.

    The Importance of Learning Quran Chapters

    Learning Quran chapters is not merely an act of recitation but a comprehensive way to understand the principles that govern Islamic life. The benefits include:

    1. Spiritual Enlightenment: Each Surah offers unique spiritual lessons.
    2. Moral Guidance: The Quran provides ethical principles that are timeless.
    3. Intellectual Growth: Understanding the Quran can be an intellectually stimulating experience.
    4. Social Harmony: Many Surahs discuss social justice, community relations, and family values.

    Resources to Help You Learn Quran Chapters

    The journey to learn Quran chapters is made easier with the help of various resources:

    1. Quran Translation Apps: Digital platforms that offer translations in multiple languages.
    2. Online Courses: Websites that provide structured courses on Quranic studies like Quran House
    3. Books and Journals: Academic publications that offer in-depth analyses of Quranic chapters.
    4. Community Centers: Local Islamic centers often offer Quranic study circles.
    5. Social Media: Follow scholars and educational platforms that share valuable insights.

    Comprehensive List of Surahs: A Journey Through the Chapters of the Quran

    The Quran, the holy book of Islam, is divided into chapters known as Surahs, each offering unique guidance and teachings. This section aims to provide a comprehensive list of Surahs, categorized based on various factors such as the place of revelation (Makkah or Medina), length, and thematic focus. Whether you are a beginner embarking on your Quranic journey or an advanced learner seeking deeper understanding.

    Surah Number Surah Name (Arabic) Surah Name (English) Place of Revelation Number of Verses
    1 الفاتحة Al-Fatiha Mecca 7
    2 البقرة Al-Baqarah Medina 286
    3 آل عمران Al-Imran Medina 200
    4 النساء An-Nisa Medina 176
    5 المائدة Al-Ma’idah Medina 120
    6 الأنعام Al-An’am Mecca 165
    7 الأعراف Al-A’raf Mecca 206
    8 الأنفال Al-Anfal Medina 75
    9 التوبة At-Tawbah Medina 129
    10 يونس Yunus Mecca 109
    11 هود Hud Mecca 123
    12 يوسف Yusuf Mecca 111
    13 الرعد Ar-Ra’d Medina 43
    14 إبراهيم Ibrahim Mecca 52
    15 الحجر Al-Hijr Mecca 99
    16 النحل An-Nahl Mecca 128
    17 الإسراء Al-Isra Mecca 111
    18 الكهف Al-Kahf Mecca 110
    19 مريم Maryam Mecca 98
    20 طه Ta-Ha Mecca 135
    21 الأنبياء Al-Anbiya Mecca 112
    22 الحج Al-Hajj Mecca 78
    23 المؤمنون Al-Mu’minun Mecca 118
    24 النور An-Nur Medina 64
    25 الفرقان Al-Furqan Mecca 77
    26 الشعراء Ash-Shu’ara Mecca 227
    27 النمل An-Naml Mecca 93
    28 القصص Al-Qasas Mecca 88
    29 العنكبوت Al-Ankabut Mecca 69
    30 الروم Ar-Rum Mecca 60
    31 لقمان Luqman Mecca 34
    32 السجدة As-Sajda Mecca 30
    33 الأحزاب Al-Ahzab Medina 73
    34 سبإ Saba Mecca 54
    35 فاطر Fatir Mecca 45
    36 يس Ya-Sin Mecca 83
    37 الصافات As-Saffat Mecca 182
    38 ص Sad Mecca 88
    39 الزمر Az-Zumar Mecca 75
    40 غافر Ghafir Mecca 85
    41 فصلت Fussilat Mecca 54
    42 الشورى Ash-Shura Mecca 53
    43 الزخرف Az-Zukhruf Mecca 89
    44 الدخان Ad-Dukhan Mecca 59
    45 الجاثية Al-Jathiya Mecca 37
    46 الأحقاف Al-Ahqaf Mecca 35
    47 محمد Muhammad Medina 38
    48 الفتح Al-Fath Medina 29
    49 الحجرات Al-Hujraat Medina 18
    50 ق Qaf Mecca 45
    51 الذاريات Adh-Dhariyat Mecca 60
    52 الطور At-Tur Mecca 49
    53 النجم An-Najm Mecca 62
    54 القمر Al-Qamar Mecca 55
    55 الرحمن Ar-Rahman Medina 78
    56 الواقعة Al-Waqi’a Mecca 96
    57 الحديد Al-Hadid Medina 29
    58 المجادلة Al-Mujadila Medina 22
    59 الحشر Al-Hashr Medina 24
    60 الممتحنة Al-Mumtahina Medina 13
    61 الصف As-Saff Medina 14
    62 الجمعة Al-Jumu’a Medina 11
    63 المنافقون Al-Munafiqun Medina 11
    64 التغابن At-Taghabun Medina 18
    65 الطلاق At-Talaq Medina 12
    66 التحريم At-Tahrim Medina 12
    67 الملك Al-Mulk Mecca 30
    68 القلم Al-Qalam Mecca 52
    69 الحاقة Al-Haaqqa Mecca 52
    70 المعارج Al-Ma’arij Mecca 44
    71 نوح Nuh Mecca 28
    72 الجن Al-Jinn Mecca 28
    73 المزمل Al-Muzzammil Mecca 20
    74 المدثر Al-Muddathir Mecca 56
    75 القيامة Al-Qiyama Mecca 40
    76 الإنسان Al-Insan Medina 31
    77 المرسلات Al-Mursalat Mecca 50
    78 النبأ An-Naba Mecca 40
    79 النازعات An-Nazi’at Mecca 46
    80 عبس Abasa Mecca 42
    81 التكوير At-Takwir Mecca 29
    82 الإنفطار Al-Infitar Mecca 19
    83 المطففين Al-Mutaffifin Mecca 36
    84 الإنشقاق Al-Inshiqaq Mecca 25
    85 البروج Al-Buruj Mecca 22
    86 الطارق At-Tariq Mecca 17
    87 الأعلى Al-Ala Mecca 19
    88 الغاشية Al-Ghashiyah Mecca 26
    89 الفجر Al-Fajr Mecca 30
    90 البلد Al-Balad Mecca 20
    91 الشمس Ash-Shams Mecca 15
    92 الليل Al-Layl Mecca 21
    93 الضحى Adh-Dhuha Mecca 11
    94 الشرح Ash-Sharh Mecca 8
    95 التين At-Tin Mecca 8
    96 العلق Al-Alaq Mecca 19
    97 القدر Al-Qadr Mecca 5
    98 البينة Al-Bayyina Medina 8
    99 الزلزلة Az-Zalzalah Medina 8
    100 العاديات Al-Adiyat Mecca 11
    101 القارعة Al-Qari’a Mecca 11
    102 التكاثر At-Takathur Mecca 8
    103 العصر Al-Asr Mecca 3
    104 الهمزة Al-Humazah Mecca 9
    105 الفيل Al-Fil Mecca 5
    106 قريش Quraish Mecca 4
    107 الماعون Al-Ma’un Mecca 7
    108 الكوثر Al-Kawthar Mecca 3
    109 الكافرون Al-Kafirun Mecca 6
    110 النصر An-Nasr Medina 3
    111 المسد Al-Masad Mecca 5
    112 الإخلاص Al-Ikhlas Mecca 4
    113 الفلق Al-Falaq Mecca 5
    114 الناس An-Nas Mecca 6

    For those interested in delving deeper into the meanings and interpretations of these Surahs, we highly recommend visiting our Quran Translation. Here, you’ll find meticulously translated texts that can further enrich your understanding of the Quran.


    There are 114 surahs in the Quran. Allah revealed 85 surahs in Makkah and 28 surahs in Medina after the Prophet Muhammed’s (PBUH) immigration from Mecca. There are many easy to learn Quran surahs like surah Al-Fatiha and surah Al-Asr.

    Moreover, the Quran contains “the beauty of the Quran” in surah Ar-Rahman, the heart of the Quran in surah Ya-Sin, and one-third of the Quran in surah Al-Ikhlas.

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    Furthermore, Quran includes the names of Allah in many surahs like surah Al-Hashr and chapters contains religious matter in Islam like the hijab and orphan’s right.


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