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A Scholarly Review: The Multifaceted Benefits of Surah Takwir

Benefits of Surah Takwir

Table of Contents

Surah At-Takwir (سورة التكوير) is the 81st chapter of the Qur’an and consists of 29 verses. The name “At-Takwir” translates to “The Folding Up” or “The Overthrowing,” and the Surah begins by describing various apocalyptic events. Here are some of the benefits and virtues associated with Surah At-Takwir:

1. Reflection on the Day of Judgment

Surah At-Takwir paints a vivid picture of the Day of Judgment, a day when the very fabric of the universe will be altered. The sun folding up, stars falling, and mountains moving are not just metaphors but descriptions meant to evoke a sense of awe and realization. These descriptions serve to remind believers of the magnitude of that Day. The transient nature of this world becomes evident, urging individuals to reflect on their actions and their implications for the Hereafter. Such reflections can lead to a more purposeful life, where eternal life is given precedence over the temporary pleasures of this world.

2. Affirmation of Prophethood

The Surah’s mention of the revelation and the angel Jibreel emphasizes the divine origin of the Qur’an. It’s a testament to the fact that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) did not speak of his own desires but conveyed the word of God. This affirmation strengthens the believer’s faith, ensuring trust in the teachings of Islam and recognizing the Prophet’s pivotal role in conveying these divine instructions. It also serves as a counter to those who doubted the authenticity of the Prophet’s mission.

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3. Value of Human Life

The poignant imagery of the buried female infant being questioned underscores a powerful message about the sanctity of life. In a society where female infanticide was practiced, this verse served as a stark condemnation. It’s a reminder that every life is valuable and that societal norms should not dictate the worth of an individual. This teaching extends to modern times, emphasizing the importance of justice, equality, and the inherent value of every human being.

4. Moral Accountability

The concept of accountability is central to many religious teachings, and Surah At-Takwir reinforces this. Every action, whether good or bad, is recorded and will be presented on the Day of Judgment. This belief in accountability can shape an individual’s moral compass, guiding them toward righteous actions and deterring them from wrongdoing. It’s a reminder that while one might escape worldly consequences, the divine justice system is inescapable.

5. Encouragement to Seek Knowledge

Knowledge holds a revered place in Islamic teachings. Surah At-Takwir’s mention of God teaching humans what they did not know is a testament to this. It encourages believers to be inquisitive, to seek knowledge, and to use this knowledge for the betterment of society. It also emphasizes that while humans can acquire knowledge, the ultimate source of all knowledge is the Divine, fostering a sense of humility.

6. Condemnation of Injustice

The Surah’s emphasis on the buried female infant serves a dual purpose. While it highlights the value of human life, it also condemns acts of grave injustice. It’s a stark reminder that injustices, even those hidden or accepted by society, will be exposed. This serves as a deterrent against oppressive actions and encourages individuals to stand up against injustice in all its forms.

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7. Universal Message

Surah At-Takwir, while rooted in specific historical and cultural contexts, carries a message that transcends time and place. Its teachings on justice, knowledge, accountability, and the Hereafter are universal truths that resonate with individuals across different cultures and epochs. This universality ensures its continued relevance, guiding believers in varying circumstances.

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What does Surah Takwir talk about?

1. Apocalyptic Events

The Surah begins with a series of powerful, apocalyptic events that will take place on the Day of Judgment:

  • The sun will be folded up (its light extinguished).
  • The stars will fall and lose their brilliance.
  • The mountains will be set in motion and become a mirage.
  • The she-camels, about to give birth, will be left untended.
  • The wild beasts will be gathered together.
  • The seas will be set alight.
  • Souls will be paired with their deeds.

2. Condemnation of Female Infanticide

The Surah strongly condemns the pre-Islamic Arabian practice of burying female infants alive. It mentions that on the Day of Judgment, the buried female infant will be asked for what sin she was killed. This serves as a powerful statement on the sanctity of human life and the grave injustice of such a practice.

3. Affirmation of Prophethood

The Surah emphasizes the divine origin of the revelation received by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It mentions that the Prophet did not err in what he saw, referring to his visions during the divine revelations. The Surah also speaks of the angel Jibreel (Gabriel), describing him as “mighty” and “endowed with strength,” standing firm while on the highest horizon, and then drawing near and descending, being close to the Prophet.

4. Moral Accountability

The Surah underscores the idea that every individual will be held accountable for their actions. It emphasizes that everyone’s deeds will be exposed on the Day of Judgment, and nothing will remain hidden.

5. Divine Knowledge

The Surah concludes by emphasizing that God is well-acquainted with all things, even the secrets that lie within the human soul. It serves as a reminder of God’s omniscience and the inescapability of divine justice.

What is verse 5 of Surah at-Takwir?

Verse 5 of Surah At-Takwir (سورة التكوير) is:

وَإِذَا الْوُحُوشُ حُشِرَتْ

This translates to:

“And when the wild beasts are gathered together.”

This verse refers to one of the many events that will take place on the Day of Judgment. In the context of the Surah, it’s part of a series of descriptions of the apocalyptic events that will unfold on that Day. The gathering of wild beasts is one of the signs of the enormity and uniqueness of the Day of Judgment.

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