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Madd Al Silah: Elevating Tajweed Practice

Madd Al Silah

Table of Contents

What is Madd Al Silah?

Madd Al Silah is a specific  Tajweed rule, the art of Quranic recitation. This rule pertains to the pronunciation and elongation of certain sounds in Arabic. Madd Al Silah involves the extension of the dammah (ُ) and kasra (ِ) vowel sounds, typically in the context of a possessive pronoun representing a third-party male gender, indicated by the letter haa (ه) at the end of a word​.

Significance in Arabic Linguistics and Quranic Recitation

In the realm of Arabic linguistics, Madd Al Silah plays a crucial role in ensuring the correct pronunciation and melodious flow of the language, especially in the context of Quranic recitation. This rule aids in distinguishing words and meanings, as the elongation can change the context or the clarity of the spoken word.

In Quranic recitation, adhering to the Madd Al Silah rule is essential for preserving the integrity and beauty of the recitation, as it contributes to the rhythmic and melodic nature of the recital, which is central to the practice of Tajweed.

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Types of Madd Al Silah

Madd Al Silah is divided into two types: Kubra (longer) and Sughra (lesser).

Each has specific conditions affecting its pronunciation and duration in recitation.

Comparison between Madd Al Silah Kubra and Sughra

Feature Madd Al Silah Kubra Madd Al Silah Sughra
Lengthening Count 4-5 counts 2 counts
Following Letter Must be followed by a hamzah (ء or أ) Cannot be followed by a hamzah
Original Word Haa must not be part of the original word Haa must not be part of the original word

Detailed Descriptions:

  • Madd Al Silah Kubra: Typically longer in duration, it requires the presence of a hamzah after the possessive pronoun haa. It is marked for a 4-5 count elongation.
  • Madd Al Silah Sughra: Shorter in duration, it does not allow for a following hamzah and is stretched for only 2 counts​.

Examples of Madd Al Silah in Quranic Verses

Arabic Text Transliteration Madd Type
لَهُ مَا فِي lah uu maa fee Sughra
عِبَادِهِ خَبِيرًا ‘ibaadih ii khabeeraa Sughra
مَالَهُ أَخْلَدَهُ maalah ooo akhladahu Kubra

Each example demonstrates how the Madd Al Silah is applied, with the elongation evident in the transliteration, indicating the type of Madd being used.

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Recognizing Madd Al Silah

Guidelines on How to Recognize and Pronounce Madd Al Silah:

  1. Presence of the Haa (ه): Look for the possessive pronoun haa at the end of a word.
  2. Vowel Signs: Check if the haa is voweled with a dammah (ُ) or kasra (ِ), but not a fat-ha (َ).
  3. Context of Recitation: Madd Al Silah only applies if the word is not being recited in isolation; it becomes void if the reciter stops at the word ending with haa.

Tips and Common Mistakes:

  • Duration of Elongation: Pay attention to the length of the sound; Sughra is shorter (2 counts), while Kubra is longer (4-5 counts).
  • Following Hamzah for Kubra: Remember, for Madd Al Silah Kubra, a hamzah must follow the haa.
  • Avoid Over-Elongation: Ensure not to over-extend beyond the specified counts, as this can change the meaning or rhythm.
  • Practice with Examples: Regular practice with Quranic examples helps in better recognition and pronunciation.
  • Seek Guidance: It’s always beneficial to learn under the guidance of a qualified Tajweed instructor to avoid common pitfalls.

Hint: Still Curious? Deepen your understanding of Madd rules with detailed explanations and examples.


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