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Mastering Nabr in Tajweed: Rules and Exceptions for Perfect Quranic Recitation

Nabr in Tajweed
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Nabr in Tajweed is the accentuation of certain letters or parts of words during Quranic recitation. This emphasis ensures that the sound of the letter is slightly louder than its neighboring letters, which is essential for clear and correct pronunciation.

also, Nabr in Tajweed deals with the pronunciation techniques of ‘heavy’ and ‘light’ letters, involving major and minor mistakes in tajweed that affect Quranic recitation accuracy.

The Five Issues of Nabr

Nabr is noted in five specific issues within Quranic recitation:

Issue Description Example Explanation
Stopping on a Word with Shaddah When a word ends with a letter that has a shaddah, the reciter must stop with a saakin letter. مُسْتَقِرٌّ (Mustaqirrun) Stopping on Shadiah with a shaddah on the last letter
Pronouncing Waw and Yaa with Shaddah Occurs when these letters are pronounced with a shaddah, and the preceding letter has a dammah or fathah. أَوَّابٌ (Awwabun) Pronouncing a waw with shaddah after a dammah
Transition from Madd to Shaddah An accent is necessary when moving from a madd letter to a shaddah to facilitate the transition. الضَّآلِّينَ (Adh-Dhaalleen) The transition from a Madd letter to a Shaddah
Stopping on a Hamzah Preceded by Madd or Leen An accent is used to ensure the hamzah is not lost after a madd or leen letter. السَّمَاءُ (As-Samaa’u) Stopping on a hamzah after a madd letter
Two Saakin Letters Meeting The transition from a madd letter to a shaddah وَقَالَا (Waqaalaa) Past tense double form verb followed by a sukoon
The Five Issues of Nabr

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Exceptions to Nabr in Tajweed

Exception Description Explanation
Noon and Meem with Shaddah These letters have a complete ghunnah, indicating two letters. When stopping on words with noon (ن) or meem (م) with shaddah, the ghunnah (nasal sound) is made complete, and thus Nabr is not applied because the sound of the ghunnah itself indicates the presence of two letters.
Qalqalah Letter with Shaddah Both letters of the shaddah are pronounced when stopping on a word ending with a qalqalah letter with a shaddah. In the case of qalqalah letters (ق ط ب ج د), when they have a shaddah and the reciter stops at them, both the saakin (silent) and mutaharrik (vowel-followed) components of the shaddah are pronounced clearly, making the application of Nabr unnecessary.

These exceptions are important to note as they are instances where the general rule of Nabr does not apply. Understanding these exceptions is crucial for the proper recitation of the Quran, as it ensures that the unique sounds of these letters are preserved and that the recitation is in accordance with the principles of the Tajweed Rules.

Hint: Introduce your children to the art of Tajweed with engaging and interactive online Tajweed classes for kids. Lay the foundation for a lifelong connection with the Quran through beautiful recitation.

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