Nabr in Tajweed is the accentuation of certain letters or parts of words during Quranic recitation. This emphasis ensures that the sound of the letter is slightly louder than its neighboring letters, which is essential for clear and correct pronunciation.
also, Nabr in Tajweed deals with the pronunciation techniques of ‘heavy’ and ‘light’ letters, involving major and minor mistakes in tajweed that affect Quranic recitation accuracy.
The Five Issues of Nabr
Nabr is noted in five specific issues within Quranic recitation:
|Stopping on a Word with Shaddah
|When a word ends with a letter that has a shaddah, the reciter must stop with a saakin letter.
|Stopping on Shadiah with a shaddah on the last letter
|Pronouncing Waw and Yaa with Shaddah
|Occurs when these letters are pronounced with a shaddah, and the preceding letter has a dammah or fathah.
|Pronouncing a waw with shaddah after a dammah
|Transition from Madd to Shaddah
|An accent is necessary when moving from a madd letter to a shaddah to facilitate the transition.
|The transition from a Madd letter to a Shaddah
|Stopping on a Hamzah Preceded by Madd or Leen
|An accent is used to ensure the hamzah is not lost after a madd or leen letter.
|Stopping on a hamzah after a madd letter
|Two Saakin Letters Meeting
|The transition from a madd letter to a shaddah
|Past tense double form verb followed by a sukoon
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Exceptions to Nabr in Tajweed
|Noon and Meem with Shaddah
|These letters have a complete ghunnah, indicating two letters.
|When stopping on words with noon (ن) or meem (م) with shaddah, the ghunnah (nasal sound) is made complete, and thus Nabr is not applied because the sound of the ghunnah itself indicates the presence of two letters.
|Qalqalah Letter with Shaddah
|Both letters of the shaddah are pronounced when stopping on a word ending with a qalqalah letter with a shaddah.
|In the case of qalqalah letters (ق ط ب ج د), when they have a shaddah and the reciter stops at them, both the saakin (silent) and mutaharrik (vowel-followed) components of the shaddah are pronounced clearly, making the application of Nabr unnecessary.
These exceptions are important to note as they are instances where the general rule of Nabr does not apply. Understanding these exceptions is crucial for the proper recitation of the Quran, as it ensures that the unique sounds of these letters are preserved and that the recitation is in accordance with the principles of the Tajweed Rules.
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