Surah Lahab, also known as Surah Al-Masad, is the 111th chapter of the Quran with a total of five verses. It is a Meccan sura and is named after Abu Lahab, an uncle of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWW), who is condemned in the text for his disbelief and hostility towards the Prophet and the Islamic message.
1. Dwelling in Heaven
The Prophet of Islam (SAWW) has been quoted saying that those who not only recite but also live by the verses of Surah Masad (also known as Surah Lahab) will be safeguarded from joining Abu Lahab in the afterlife. Abu Lahab, an enemy of Islam, is depicted in Islamic teachings as a figure suffering in the hereafter. Therefore, adhering to the guidance provided in Surah Masad is seen as a pathway to securing a place in heaven, as it helps individuals align their actions with the principles of Islam.
2. Getting Rid of Pain
Surah Masad is considered a source of healing, especially for those experiencing pain. As cited in Tafsir al-Burhan (vol. 5, p. 787), the recitation of this Surah can bring relief from pain. While the exact mechanism of how this relief is provided isn’t detailed, believers find comfort and healing through the spiritual and divine connection established during the recitation.
3. Being in God’s Protection
Reciting Surah Lahab before going to sleep is a practice believed to invoke God’s protection over the individual. In Islamic belief, God’s protection is sought to safeguard oneself from harm, evil, and calamities that might occur during sleep or in life in general. This practice is rooted in the trust and faith that reciting divine words brings spiritual security and well-being.
4. Infatuation Benefits
For those struggling with unrequited love or infatuation, reciting Surah Lahab 71 times between the Maghrib (evening) and Isha (night) prayers is recommended. This practice is believed to help individuals free themselves from the chains of unfaithful or unrequited love, guiding their hearts away from pain and towards the right path. The recitation serves as a spiritual remedy, helping individuals gain clarity, peace of mind, and emotional relief from the struggles of love that is not reciprocated.
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5. Health Benefits
Surah Lahab is often turned to for its perceived health benefits. Believers who recite this Surah seek relief from chronic pain and various ailments. The Surah is not seen as a replacement for medical treatment but as a spiritual supplement that provides comfort and strength to the ailing. The recitation is believed to draw divine blessings and healing energy, aiding in the recovery process and providing solace to those suffering from health issues.
6. Preventing Unwanted Job Transfer
For individuals anticipating an unwanted job transfer, the recitation of Surah Lahab is seen as a spiritual intervention. By reciting the Surah 17 times after the Maghrib prayer, believers seek divine assistance to prevent undesired relocation or job changes. This practice is believed to align the individual’s professional path with their wishes and needs, creating stability and satisfaction in their career.
7. Controlling Violent Behavior
Surah Lahab is also recited as a means to curb violent or aggressive behavior. Individuals struggling with anger and aggression may find solace and control through the regular recitation of this Surah. The verses are believed to instill a sense of calmness and restraint, helping individuals to manage their emotions effectively and respond to situations with patience and wisdom instead of anger.
8. Warning of Hellish Risk
The Surah serves as a stark reminder of the transient nature of worldly pleasures and the potential spiritual risks associated with indulgence. By reflecting on the verses, believers are encouraged to lead a life of simplicity, humility, and piety, avoiding actions that may lead to spiritual downfall and eternal punishment.
9. Virtue Related to Surah Al-Lahab
Surah Al-Lahab holds a special place in Islamic tradition due to its historical context and the guidance it provides to believers. Revealed in response to the enemies of Islam, the Surah offers valuable insights and advice for Muslims. It serves as a moral compass, guiding individuals on the righteous path and helping them navigate through life’s challenges while upholding Islamic principles.
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What messages are in Surah Lahab?
Surah Lahab, also known as Surah Al-Masad, conveys several significant messages:
1. Condemnation of Abu Lahab:
The Surah explicitly condemns Abu Lahab, an ardent opponent of Islam and the Prophet Muhammad (SAWW). Abu Lahab, whose real name was ‘Abd al-Uzza, was given the nickname “Lahab” (meaning flame) possibly due to his fiery temper or reddish complexion. The Surah predicts his downfall and eternal punishment, serving as a warning to others who oppose God’s message.
2. Punishment for Opposing the Prophet:
Abu Lahab is depicted as a symbol of vehement opposition to the Islamic message. The Surah warns that those who actively work against the Prophet and the divine message will face severe consequences in the hereafter.
3. Condemnation of Abu Lahab’s Wife:
The Surah also mentions the wife of Abu Lahab, identified as Umm Jamil. She is condemned for her active participation in opposing the Prophet and supporting her husband’s antagonistic stance. She is described as carrying a bundle of twigs, symbolizing her role in fueling the flames of enmity against the Prophet and the early Muslims.
4. Moral Lessons:
Beyond the immediate historical context, Surah Lahab offers moral and spiritual lessons for believers. It serves as a stark reminder of the consequences of arrogance, persistent disbelief, and hostility towards God’s messengers and guidance. The fate of Abu Lahab and his wife illustrates the ultimate loss and punishment awaiting those who choose to reject faith and act maliciously toward believers.
5. Reflection on Human Behavior:
The Surah encourages believers to reflect on human behavior and moral choices. It prompts Muslims to avoid traits such as arrogance, pride, and hatred, urging them to embrace humility, faith, and compassion instead.
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What is the punishment for Abu Lahab and his wife?
Surah Lahab (Surah Al-Masad) describes the punishment of Abu Lahab and his wife in the afterlife due to their vehement opposition to Islam and their harmful actions towards the Prophet Muhammad (SAWW).
Abu Lahab’s Punishment:
- Eternal Damnation: Abu Lahab is condemned to eternal damnation in Hell. The Surah begins with “Perish the hands of Abu Lahab!” indicating his doomed fate and total loss in the hereafter.
- Fiery Punishment: His nickname, “Lahab,” which means flame, is seen as symbolic of the fiery punishment awaiting him in Hell. The Surah suggests a poetic justice where Abu Lahab, who was a fiery opponent of Islam, will face a fiery end.
Punishment of Abu Lahab’s Wife:
- Carrier of Firewood: Abu Lahab’s wife, identified as Umm Jamil, is described as carrying a bundle of twigs or firewood on her back. This imagery is interpreted in various ways. Some scholars believe it symbolizes her role in fueling her husband’s hatred and opposition towards the Prophet and Islam. The firewood may also symbolize the fuel for the fire in which she will be punished in the hereafter.
- Choked by a Palm Fiber Necklace: The Surah mentions a “rope of palm fiber” around her neck. This phrase is interpreted as a metaphor for the punishment she will receive in the afterlife. Some interpretations suggest that the palm fiber necklace represents her pride and arrogance, as she used to wear a costly necklace and said she would spend it to oppose the Prophet. In the hereafter, this necklace turns into a symbol of her torment.
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