Surah An-Nazi’at (Arabic: سورة النازعات) is the 79th chapter of the Qur’an. It is composed of 46 verses and is classified as a Meccan Surah, which means it was revealed while the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was in Mecca, before the migration to Medina.
The benefits and virtues of reciting Surah An-Nazi’at, as with many other Surahs, are derived from the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and the interpretations of Islamic scholars. Here are some of the benefits and virtues associated with Surah An-Nazi’at:
1. Understanding the Hereafter
Surah An-Nazi’at delves deep into the events that will transpire on the Day of Judgment. This Surah paints a vivid picture of the resurrection, where souls will be reawakened, and the subsequent reckoning where deeds will be weighed. The portrayal of these events serves as a powerful reminder to believers about the reality of the Hereafter. It emphasizes the contrast between the fleeting nature of this world and the permanence of the next. By understanding these events, believers are encouraged to prioritize their life in the Hereafter over the temporary allure of this world.
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2. Reflection on the Power of Allah
The Surah is a testament to Allah’s unparalleled power and authority. The story of Prophet Musa (Moses) and Pharaoh is particularly striking. Pharaoh, with all his earthly power, is shown to be powerless against the will and signs of Allah, as manifested through Prophet Musa. This narrative serves as a profound reflection on the transient nature of worldly power compared to the eternal and absolute power of Allah. It reinforces the idea that true power rests only with Allah, and everything else is ephemeral.
3. Encouragement to Repent
Surah An-Nazi’at doesn’t just describe the events of the Day of Judgment; it also delves into the emotions and reactions of the people. The fear, regret, and realization that will dawn upon the souls serve as a potent reminder of the consequences of one’s actions. This emotional portrayal acts as a strong motivator, urging believers to introspect, rectify their mistakes, and sincerely turn back to Allah. It underscores the importance of seeking forgiveness in this world before the Day when repentance will no longer be accepted.
4. Protection and Blessings
The act of reciting the Qur’an is inherently blessed. Surah An-Nazi’at, with its profound themes, is believed to bring about special protection and blessings for those who recite and reflect upon it. Many believe that regular recitation serves as a shield against adversities and a means to attract divine favor in one’s life. While the exact nature of these blessings is known only to Allah, the peace and tranquility one feels are palpable.
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5. Reward for Recitation
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has mentioned that there is a reward for reciting each letter of the Qur’an. While Surah An-Nazi’at might not have a specific hadith detailing its reward, the general principle of being rewarded for Qur’anic recitation applies. Given the depth and importance of its themes, reflecting upon this Surah and acting upon its teachings can only amplify the rewards one receives.
6. Moral Lessons
The Surah is rich in moral guidance. The story of Prophet Musa (Moses) and Pharaoh is a timeless lesson in humility versus arrogance. Pharaoh’s downfall, despite his immense power, serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of pride and the rejection of truth. On the other hand, Prophet Musa’s steadfastness, trust in Allah, and humility exemplify the virtues that believers should aspire to. The Surah, through its narratives, offers a moral compass, guiding believers on how to navigate their lives in alignment with divine guidance.
What is the meaning of Nashitat?
The term “Nashitat” (Arabic: نَاشِطَات) is derived from the root word “Nashz” which means to be active, quick, or energetic. In the context of the Qur’an, “Nashitat” refers to those who are active or swift.
In Surah An-Nazi’at (the 79th chapter of the Qur’an), the term “An-Nazi’at” is used, which means “those who extract” or “those who pull out.” The Surah begins with a series of oaths:
“By those [angels] who extract with violence. And [by] those who remove with ease…”
Here, “An-Nazi’at” refers to the angels who extract the souls of the disbelievers with force, while the following verses refer to angels who gently take the souls of the believers.
It’s important to note that “Nashitat” and “An-Nazi’at” are related in terms of their root but have different meanings and contexts. “Nashitat” generally refers to being active or energetic, while “An-Nazi’at” in the context of the Qur’an refers to the angels extracting souls.
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What is the purpose of surah Naziat?
Surah An-Nazi’at (سورة النازعات) is the 79th chapter of the Qur’an and is composed of 46 verses. Like many other chapters in the Qur’an, Surah An-Nazi’at serves multiple purposes, both in terms of its theological content and its guidance for believers. Here are some of the primary purposes of this Surah:
- Affirmation of the Resurrection: One of the central themes of Surah An-Nazi’at is the Day of Judgment and the resurrection of souls. The Surah begins with a description of angels who extract souls, either with force or gently, depending on the nature of the individual’s earthly deeds. This serves as a vivid reminder of the reality of life after death and the consequences that await every individual.
- The narration of Prophet Musa’s (Moses) Story: The Surah recounts the story of Prophet Musa’s encounter with Pharaoh, emphasizing the confrontation between truth and falsehood. This narrative serves as a lesson about the power of faith, the dangers of arrogance, and the ultimate triumph of truth over falsehood.
- Reflection on the Power of Allah: The Surah draws attention to various signs of Allah’s creation, from the earth to the heavens, urging individuals to reflect on the wonders around them. Such reflection is meant to lead to a deeper understanding and appreciation of Allah’s power and majesty.
- Warning to the Disbelievers: The Surah serves as a warning to those who deny the truth, especially the reality of the Hereafter. It emphasizes the consequences that await those who reject divine guidance and persist in their disbelief.
- Consolation and Support for the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him): Like many Meccan Surahs, Surah An-Nazi’at offers support and consolation to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), reassuring him of the truth of his mission and the eventual success of his message.
- Moral and Ethical Guidance: Through its narratives and admonitions, the Surah provides moral and ethical guidance for believers, teaching them the values of humility, faith, patience, and adherence to the truth.
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