Surah Al-Qariah, the 101st chapter of the Quran, is a relatively short surah with 11 verses. Its name translates to “The Calamity” or “The Striking Hour,” and it vividly describes the Day of Judgment. Beyond its theological significance, many Muslims believe in the various benefits of reciting this surah, both in terms of worldly gains and spiritual protection. Here’s a more detailed look at the benefits you mentioned:
1. Increase in Sustenance
- Historical Context: Throughout Islamic history, scholars and believers have emphasized the importance of seeking sustenance (rizq) through lawful means. The Quran frequently reminds believers that sustenance is in the hands of Allah and that He provides for whom He wills.
- Deeper Significance: The act of reciting Surah Al-Qariah with the intention of increasing one’s sustenance is more than just a ritual. It’s a profound act of faith, where the believer acknowledges their dependence on the Divine. This act also serves as a reminder that while one can work hard and strive, the ultimate provider is Allah.
2. Protection from Poverty
- Historical Context: The practice of writing Quranic verses and using them as protective amulets has roots in early Islamic traditions. These amulets, often inscribed with specific verses, are believed to carry blessings and protective properties.
- Deeper Significance: By placing Surah Al-Qariah around one’s home, believers are not only seeking protection from financial hardships but are also reinforcing their home with spiritual energy. It’s a manifestation of their faith and a daily reminder of the Quran’s teachings.
3. Business Growth
- Historical Context: Commerce and trade have always been integral parts of Islamic civilization. The Prophet Muhammad himself was a merchant before his prophethood. Islam encourages honest trade and discourages deceitful practices.
- Deeper Significance: The recitation of Surah Al-Qariah by business owners signifies their desire to conduct their affairs with integrity and honesty. It’s a prayer for ethical success, where profits are not at the expense of morals.
4. Protection from Dajjal
- Historical Context: Dajjal, often equated with the Antichrist in Christian theology, is a significant eschatological figure in Islamic traditions. Numerous Hadiths (sayings of the Prophet Muhammad) warn believers about the fitnah (trial) of Dajjal and the chaos he would bring.
- Deeper Significance: Seeking protection from Dajjal through the recitation of Surah Al-Qariah is not just about avoiding physical harm. It’s a plea for spiritual fortitude, to remain steadfast in faith even when faced with the greatest of deceptions.
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5. Insect Protection
- Historical Context: The use of Quranic verses for protection against various worldly harms, including pests, has been a practice in various Islamic cultures. This is based on the belief in the inherent power and blessings of the Quranic words.
- Deeper Significance: Beyond the immediate benefit of repelling insects, this practice serves as a testament to the believer’s faith in the Quran’s holistic power. It’s a reflection of the belief that the Quran offers solutions and remedies, both spiritual and practical.
6. Strengthened Belief
- Historical Context: The Quran is considered the ultimate source of guidance for Muslims. Its verses are believed to have a profound impact on the heart and soul, nurturing and strengthening one’s faith.
- Deeper Significance: Reciting Surah Al-Qariah eleven times before sleep is more than a ritual; it’s a spiritual exercise. As sleep is akin to a minor death, ending the day with the remembrance of the Last Day serves as a reminder of life’s transient nature. This practice reinforces the believer’s commitment to their faith and prepares them for the Hereafter.
7. Overcoming Bad Habits
- Historical Context: Islamic teachings emphasize self-discipline and the avoidance of sinful behaviors. The Quran often serves as a moral compass, guiding believers away from vice and towards virtue.
- Deeper Significance: The act of regularly reciting Surah Al-Qariah as a means to overcome bad habits signifies the transformative power of the Quran. It’s believed that the verses can purify the heart, making it more receptive to good and resistant to evil. This purification process can lead to positive behavioral changes.
8. Wish Fulfillment
- Historical Context: Throughout Islamic history, certain practices, including specific recitations, have been associated with the fulfillment of lawful wishes. These practices are rooted in the belief that sincere supplication, combined with righteous actions, can lead to Divine intervention.
- Deeper Significance: Reciting Surah Al-Qariah 160 times for wish fulfillment is not just about obtaining worldly desires. It’s an act of devotion, where the believer seeks Allah’s assistance while also acknowledging His supreme authority. The emphasis is on “valid” wishes, indicating that one should seek things that align with Islamic ethics.
9. Easiness in Work
- Historical Context: Islam encourages hard work and diligence. The Prophet Muhammad is reported to have said, “The strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than the weak believer, while there is good in both.”
- Deeper Significance: Reciting Surah Al-Qariah before embarking on any task is a way of seeking Divine assistance. It’s a reminder that while humans can plan and strive, success is ultimately in the hands of Allah. This practice instills a sense of humility and reliance on the Divine, ensuring that one’s efforts are aligned with righteous intentions.
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What does Surah Al Qariah mean?
Surah Al-Qariah is the 101st chapter of the Quran and its name translates to “The Calamity”, “The Catastrophe”, or “The Striking”. The name is derived from the term “Al-Qariah”, which is mentioned in the first verse of the Surah. Here’s a brief explanation of its meaning:
Meaning of Surah Al-Qariah:
- Title Significance: The title “Al-Qariah” refers to a striking calamity or a catastrophic event. It is one of the names given to the Day of Judgment, highlighting its sudden and calamitous nature.
- Imagery and Metaphors: The Surah uses vivid imagery and metaphors to describe the chaos and transformation that will occur on the Day of Judgment. People will be like scattered moths, and the mountains, symbols of stability and permanence, will be like fluffed wool, insubstantial and weightless.
- Judgment Based on Deeds: The Surah describes the fate of individuals based on their deeds. Those whose good deeds weigh heavily will enjoy a pleasant life, while those whose deeds are light will face an abyss, a dreadful and bottomless pit.
- Warning and Reflection: Like many Meccan Surahs, Al-Qariah serves as a warning to its readers. It urges individuals to reflect on their actions and the ultimate reality of the Day of Judgment. The Surah aims to instill a sense of urgency and contemplation regarding the consequences of one’s actions in this life and the hereafter.
- Verse 4-5: Describes the chaos on the Day of Judgment, with people scattered like moths and mountains like carded wool.
- Verse 6-9: Outlines the judgment of individuals based on the weight of their deeds, leading to either a pleasant life or a dreadful abyss.
- Verse 11: Ends with a warning about the intense, blazing fire awaiting those who are judged unfavorably.
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Why was Surah al-Qariah revealed?
Surah Al-Qariah was revealed in Mecca, as indicated by its composition characteristics, and structure, which are typical of the Meccan surahs. It is believed to have been revealed between 613 to 615 AD. While Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) did not explicitly mention the reason for its revelation, Muslim scholars suggest that it was revealed to remind the Quraysh tribe and all of humanity about the Day of Judgment. The surah serves as a warning, describing the terrifying events of the Day of Judgment and urging people to reflect on their actions and repent before it’s too late.
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